Hopper (USA), Inc. and its affiliates (“Hopper”) provide the Hopper mobile applications and the Hopper website (“Apps”) for use by you (“User”) for the purposes of utilizing Hopper data and proprietary predictive algorithms to search for, and receive notifications about, flights, hotels, and other travel services; booking and payment for such travel services; purchasing Hopper and/or third-party products; utilizing published Hopper reports (“Hopper Research Data”); and other related services (collectively, “Services”). Hopper provides you access to the Services and the Apps, including this App, subject to your acceptance of all of the following Terms and Conditions (“Terms”), which constitute a binding legal agreement between you and Hopper. By accessing, downloading, copying, and/or using a Hopper App, including this App, and/or the Services, you agree to be bound by these Terms.
PLEASE REVIEW THE “DISPUTE RESOLUTION” OF THESE TERMS (SECTION 12) CAREFULLY, AS IT REQUIRES YOU TO RESOLVE ANY FUTURE DISPUTES WITH HOPPER THROUGH BINDING INDIVIDUAL ARBITRATION. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT YOU ARE WAIVING THE RIGHT TO A TRIAL BY JURY, AND YOUR RIGHT TO PARTICIPATE AS A PLAINTIFF OR CLASS MEMBER IN ANY PURPORTED CLASS ACTION OR REPRESENTATIVE PROCEEDING AGAINST HOPPER.
In addition to these Terms, Hopper offers individual products and services for purchase that may be subject to additional terms and conditions, which will be provided to you both prior to and after purchase. Travel services provided by third-parties are subject to third-party terms. Please review all additional terms carefully prior to any purchase or booking.
1.1. Acceptable Use. You may use the Apps and the Hopper Services only for lawful personal use, and in accordance with these Terms, to search for and make travel bookings and/or related purchases for yourself, or non-commercially on behalf of a person who has authorized you to do so. Hopper may, in its sole discretion, terminate your right to use the Apps and Services at any time, and may take all available legal recourse for actual or suspected violations of these Terms, including cancellation of bookings made in violation of these Terms. Any delay by Hopper in taking such actions does not constitute a waiver of Hopper’s rights to enforce these Terms. By making the Apps and Services available for your use, Hopper does not consent to act as your agent or fiduciary.
1.2. Use Restrictions. The Apps and Services are not intended for use by any person who is, and you are not permitted to use the Apps or Services if you are, under the age of 16 or under the legal age of majority in the jurisdiction in which you reside. Other than information required to complete a booking, Hopper does not knowingly collect personal identifiable information from minors under the age of 16. If a minor under 16 has provided us with personal information without parental or guardian consent, the parent or guardian may contact us by emailing us at email@example.com, in which case we will remove the information and unsubscribe the minor from any of our electronic marketing lists.
You may not use the Apps or Services if you are identified on any U.S. or Canadian government list of prohibited, sanctioned, or restricted parties, or if you are located in a country that is subject to a U.S. or Canadian government embargo, or that has been designated by the U.S. or Canadian government as a "terrorist supporting" country.
While you may make copies of information related to your booked travel reservations, you may not attempt to access, copy, decompile, disassemble, or reverse-engineer, distribute, sublicense, publish, interrupt, destroy, or interfere with the source code, libraries, databases, algorithms, data, or Hopper systems or networks that make up the Services or the Apps, or attempt to circumvent any security controls included in the Apps. You may not attempt to access the Apps or Services using any automated tools, including without limitation the use of bots, spiders, crawlers, scrapers or other similar tools, or other technology not authorized by Hopper. You may not deep-link to any portion of Apps (including, without limitation, the purchase path for any travel services) or frame, mirror or otherwise incorporate any part of the Apps into any other app or site without Hopper’s prior express written authorization. You may not use the Apps or Services for any purpose that is fraudulent or deceptive. If your right to access the Apps or Services has been previously revoked by Hopper, all use of the Apps or Services is prohibited.
1.3. Updates. Hopper may update the Apps and Services from time to time in order to improve the Apps and/or the Services. You agree to install all updates in a timely manner. If you delay or refuse updates to the App, this may compromise or prevent us from delivering the Services.
2.1. Hopper Accounts. In order to make purchases using the Apps and Services, from Hopper and/or from third-party travel service providers (e.g., airlines, hotels, rental car providers, property managers, etc.), you will need to register for a Hopper account using the telephone number associated with your mobile device, and a Hopper account will be created automatically using the information you provide. You may create only one account per individual. You agree: (i) to provide and maintain accurate, current and complete information for your Hopper account, (ii) to maintain the security of your account by not sharing, disclosing, or making available access credentials to any unauthorized person, and (iii) to notify Hopper promptly if you discover or otherwise suspect any security breaches relating to your use of the Apps or Services. You agree to be responsible for all activities and purchases that occur using your Hopper account, and you accept all risks of unauthorized access to your Hopper account resulting from any act or omission by you in violation of these terms.
2.2 Deactivating an Account. If you cease to use the phone number associated with your Hopper account, you must notify Hopper immediately by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org in order to deactivate your account and your account data.
2.3. Payment Methods. Hopper enables you to make purchases from Hopper, and/or third-party travel service providers, by linking a valid, authorized debit, credit, and/or prepaid credit card to your Hopper account (“Payment Instrument”). You may change the Payment Instrument associated with your Hopper account or add additional Payment Instruments at any time. By linking a Payment Instrument to your Hopper account, you represent to Hopper that you are an authorized user of the Payment Instrument. You are responsible for ensuring that the Payment Instrument(s) associated with your Hopper account is at all times current, non-expired, and valid for payments. Your Hopper account is not a bank account. Hopper is not a bank and does not offer banking or “money transmission services,” and is not a “money service business,” as those terms are defined by the United States Department of Treasury.
2.4. Payment Authorization. You authorize Hopper, and/or applicable third-party travel service providers, to charge your linked Payment Instrument(s) for the total amount of all purchases initiated in the Hopper Apps using your Hopper account as necessary to complete payment for your authorized purchase, including without limitation all fees and taxes. In some cases, Hopper may pass your Payment Instrument(s) to a third party travel service provider (such as an airline or hotel) in order to process your authorized payment. By making a booking, you authorize such transfer. In the event you are entitled to a reversal, refund, chargeback, or other adjustment associated with a purchase you made using your Hopper account, you also authorize a credit to your Payment Instrument(s) by Hopper as necessary to execute that transaction.
2.5. Failed Transactions. In the event that a charge to any Payment Instrument fails, you agree to link a new, valid Payment Instrument within three (3) business days of notification by Hopper. Your Hopper account will be disabled, and all purchased Hopper products and third party travel services may be cancelled, until a valid Payment Instrument is provided and the outstanding uncharged balance is resolved. You further authorize Hopper to attempt to re-submit any failed charge to any Payment Instrument(s) associated with your account at subsequent times until successful. Hopper is not responsible for any charges imposed by the issuer of your Payment Instrument as a result of any failed charge or re-charge by Hopper. To the extent that Hopper is unable to successfully charge any Payment Instrument linked to your Hopper account as payment for authorized transactions for more than thirty (30) days, you understand and agree that Hopper may employ a collection agency or other business in an effort to collect any outstanding debts and fees associated with your Hopper account, and you will not contest the use of a third party to collect the debt and fees owed to Hopper. You agree that you will be responsible for any legal, court, arbitration or collection agency fees associated with rectifying your Hopper account and all monies owed thereunder. You agree that Hopper, or any agency or business employed by Hopper, has the right to contact you and your heirs via telephone, email or (if not prohibited by law) in-person using the information you provided upon registration or during any contact with Hopper, or any other publicly available or attainable information, in an effort to collect any monies and fees owed to Hopper, whether specifically referenced in these Terms or not, and such contact may be made in a manual or automated fashion.
2.6. Test Authorizations. At the time of linking any Payment Instrument to your Hopper Account, you consent to Hopper temporarily authorizing a charge on that Payment Instrument, typically for $1.00 or less, as part of our verification process. You will not be required to pay this charge, and it will disappear from your Payment Instrument statement within a few days.
2.7. Unauthorized Transactions; Lost Devices. If any transaction receipt received by you appears incorrect, or was unauthorized or fraudulent, you shall notify Hopper immediately, by contacting Hopper Support ("Support") from the "Trips" page within the Apps. In the event that you lose any mobile device on which an App linked to your Hopper account is installed (“Lost Device"), you shall notify Hopper immediately by contacting Hopper at email@example.com. You should always secure any device on which a Hopper App is installed.
2.8. Currency Conversions. Some prices and/or fees provided in the Apps or Services may be displayed to you in a default, or your preferred or selected, currency, although the charge made to your Payment Instrument by a third-party service provider will be in a local currency. In these cases, the amount charged to your Payment Instrument may vary slightly from the amount displayed, due to fluctuations in currency exchange rates beyond Hopper’s control. Your Payment Instrument provider or issuer may also include a fee to process the transaction or convert currency, plus any applicable taxes for international purchases.
3.2. Consent to Communications and Contact. By registering a Hopper account and/or making any purchase or booking using the Services, you consent to be contacted by Hopper, and/or by the third-party provider of the travel services booked, electronically, including via email, phone, SMS, in-app messaging, or other available digital messaging service, for any purpose related to your use of the Apps or Services, and/or any bookings or other purchases made by you via the Apps or Services.
3.3. Your computer and/or mobile device must be connected to the internet in order to access the Apps and Services and to make and receive communications to/from Hopper, including to contact Hopper’s customer service team within the Apps. You are responsible for making all arrangements necessary for your device to have internet connectivity and are responsible for all third-party charges related to such access and/or the transmission and receipt of data.
3.4. When you make a booking with Hopper, you agree that all communications to Hopper’s customer Support team related to your booking will be made within the Hopper App used to make the booking, via in-App messaging and/or chat functionality, except for communications in other channels, such as phone, SMS, or email, that may be initiated by Hopper.
4.1. Hopper’s price prediction Services and notifications provide a powerful tool to assist you in finding the best time to book travel and save money. Hopper works hard to ensure the accuracy of its predictions based on past data and current trends. However, forecasting price movements in a highly competitive, unpredictable global market has inherent limitations, and no prediction tool can be 100% accurate. Accordingly, while Hopper believes strongly in the accuracy of its predictions, Hopper does not guarantee their accuracy, and shall not be liable for any reliance upon them, except as expressly set forth in the terms of any Hopper product purchased by you, such as a Hopper Price Freeze or Price Drop Protection option.
4.2. When you search for flights, hotels or homes, or car bookings in the Hopper Apps, Hopper provides you a number of options for displaying, filtering, and sorting the results.
4.2.1. Hopper’s default flight search results provide you first with an identification of the flights identified by Hopper’s algorithms as “Recommended,” including for example as “Best Flight,” “Best Quality,” “Cheapest” or “Fastest.” Hopper uses a number of factors to identify a “Recommended” flight, and Hopper’s recommendation algorithms are not impacted by any fees paid to Hopper.
4.2.2. Hopper offers different options to display your search hotel results. You can use the “sort by” setting to order your search results based on price, user rating and percentage of savings, or other specific criteria as may be available to you from time to time. If no specific sort order option is selected, Hopper’s default hotel search results provide you with a listing of the properties identified by Hopper as “Recommended” for you based on a number of factors including price, location, amenities, the popularity of the property, the quality of the content provided by the property and the competitiveness of the property’s rates and availability. In addition, when determining the relative order of properties with similar offers in your search results listings, Hopper’s recommendation algorithms may be impacted by the compensation received by Hopper in connection with the reservation, and/or in connection with any hotel marketing programs and/oor marketing relationships with certain properties. As we continue to improve our services to provide you with the best service, we may change our search results criteria and may test different default sort order algorithms from time to time.
4.2.3. Hopper’s default vacation rentals search results provide you with an identification of the hotels or rentals identified by Hopper as “Recommended” for you based on a number of factors including price, location, and amenities. Hopper’s recommendation algorithms are not impacted by any fees paid to Hopper.
4.2.4. Hopper’s default cars search result sort order is based solely on price
5.1. The Hopper Apps and Services provide access to travel information, such as flight, hotel, vacation rentals, or car pricing and availability, features and amenities, and terms and conditions, provided and maintained by third-parties. These third-party providers are independent contractors and not agents of Hopper. Your contract for these travel services is with the third-party provider, and not with Hopper. While Hopper works hard to ensure correctness, Hopper cannot verify, and is not responsible for, the accuracy of information provided by third parties regarding their respective services. Hopper also is not liable for the acts, errors, delays, omissions, representations, warranties, breaches, bankruptcy, or negligence of any such third-party providers or for any personal injuries, death, property damage, or other damages or expenses resulting from third-party provided services. Hopper is not responsible to make any refund in the event of any delay, failure, breach, cancellation, overbooking, strike, force majeure or other causes beyond Hopper’s direct control. By offering third-party travel services for booking via the Hopper Apps and Services, Hopper does not endorse, or make any representation or warranty about, the quality of any service provider.
5.2. The purchase of third-party travel products and services through the Apps or Services, and entitlement to cancellation or refunds for such services, will be governed by and subject to additional terms and conditions from such providers, and subject to laws and regulations imposed by government entities, and you agree to abide by all such terms, laws, and regulations. Where possible, Hopper will make these terms available to you. However, additional applicable terms may be provided on the third-party provider’s website. Please read these additional provider terms and conditions carefully prior to purchase from any third-party service provider using the Hopper Apps and Services, and ensure that you understand the full terms applicable to your airfare, hotel, vacation rental, trip insurance, car rental, or other third-party service. If you make bookings on behalf of another person(s) with their authorization, you agree that you will inform such other person(s) about these Terms and any third-party terms, rules and restrictions that apply to the bookings made on their behalf. You understand and agree that any violation of third party terms of service may result in a cancellation of your bookings, denial of service, and forfeit of any amounts paid. Hopper is not responsible for any damages resulting from your violation of third party terms.
5.3. Air Bookings: Air travel bookings are only guaranteed once the purchase has been completed and the tickets have been issued, as confirmed to you by Hopper by email and/or through in-app messaging following your purchase.
5.3.1. Multi-Ticket Travel. Hopper may offer you the opportunity to book air travel by combining multiple one-way tickets, on one or more airlines, instead of a single one-way or roundtrip ticket. Combining one-way tickets in this manner may provide a greater choice of flights, at lower cost. However, each one-way ticket in your journey will be subject to its own airline rules, restrictions and fees. For such travel, if one of your flights is impacted by a flight irregularity (e.g., an airline-initiated cancelation, delay or schedule change) and such irregularity may cause you to miss your departure for another flight on which you are separately ticketed, the airline for that other flight is under no obligation to re-accommodate you, and you remain responsible for any charges due to changes (if permitted) to the routing, travel dates or times, or carriers, for the portion of your journey covered by such separate ticket(s). Some tickets may not be eligible for passenger-initiated changes under applicable fare rules, and “no-showing” for a flight may result in the ticket being canceled and losing all remaining value.
5.3.2. International Air Travel. You are solely responsible for ensuring that you meet all of the entry requirements imposed by governmental authorities at your destination(s), including countries you may just be transiting through, including health and passport/visa requirements, and that your travel documents, such as passports and visas (transit, business, tourist, and otherwise), are in order. Hopper does not provide advice regarding entry requirements for any destination. You must consult the appropriate embassy or consulate for such information. Requirements may change and you should check for up-to-date information before booking and departure. Hopper is not responsible if you are refused entry onto a flight or into any country due to your failure to satisfy any entry requirements. BY OFFERING RESERVATIONS FOR TRAVEL PRODUCTS IN PARTICULAR DESTINATIONS, HOPPER DOES NOT REPRESENT OR WARRANT THAT TRAVEL TO SUCH AREAS IS ADVISABLE OR WITHOUT RISK, AND IS NOT LIABLE FOR DAMAGES OR LOSSES THAT MAY RESULT FROM TRAVEL TO SUCH DESTINATIONS.
5.3.3. Advice to International Passengers on Limitations of Liability. PASSENGERS EMBARKING UPON A JOURNEY INVOLVING AN ULTIMATE DESTINATION OR A STOP IN A COUNTRY OTHER THAN THE COUNTRY OF DEPARTURE ARE ADVISED THAT THE PROVISIONS OF AN INTERNATIONAL TREATY (THE WARSAW CONVENTION, THE 1999 MONTREAL CONVENTION, OR OTHER TREATY), AS WELL AS A CARRIER’S OWN CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE OR TARIFF PROVISIONS, MAY BE APPLICABLE TO THEIR ENTIRE JOURNEY, INCLUDING ANY PORTION ENTIRELY WITHIN THE COUNTRIES OF DEPARTURE AND DESTINATION. THE APPLICABLE TREATY GOVERNS AND MAY LIMIT THE LIABILITY OF CARRIERS TO PASSENGERS FOR DEATH OR PERSONAL INJURY, DESTRUCTION OR LOSS OF, OR DAMAGE TO, BAGGAGE, AND FOR DELAY OF PASSENGERS AND BAGGAGE. ADDITIONAL PROTECTION CAN USUALLY BE OBTAINED BY PURCHASING INSURANCE FROM A PRIVATE COMPANY. SUCH INSURANCE IS NOT AFFECTED BY ANY LIMITATION OF THE CARRIER’S LIABILITY UNDER AN INTERNATIONAL TREATY. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONSULT YOUR AIRLINE OR INSURANCE COMPANY REPRESENTATIVE.
5.3.4. Notice of Contract Terms Incorporated by Reference. Your contract of carriage with the carrier that provides you with carriage by air, whether international, domestic or a domestic portion of an international journey is subject to this notice; to any notice or receipt of the carrier; and to the carrier’s individual terms and conditions (Conditions), related rules, regulations and policies (Regulations) and any applicable tariffs If your carriage is by more than one carrier, different Conditions, Regulations and any applicable tariffs may apply for each carrier. The Conditions, Regulations and any applicable tariffs of each carrier are, by this notice, incorporated by reference into and made part of your contract of carriage. The Conditions may include, but are not restricted to: (a) Conditions and limits on the carrier’s liability for the bodily injury or death of passengers; (b) Conditions and limits on the carrier’s liability for the loss of, damage to or delay of goods and baggage, including fragile or perishable goods; (c) rules for declaring a higher value for baggage and for paying any supplementary fee that may apply; (d) application of the carrier’s Conditions and limits of liability to the acts of the carrier’s agents, servants and representatives, including any person providing either equipment or services to the carrier; (e) claims restrictions, including time limits by which passengers must file claims or bring actions against the carrier; (f) rules about reconfirmations or reservations; check in times; the use, duration and validity of air transportation services; and the carrier’s right to refuse carriage; (g) rights of the carrier and limits on the carrier’s liability for delay or failure to perform a service, including schedule changes, substitution of alternative carriers or aircraft and re-routing, and, when required by applicable law, the obligation of the carrier to notify passengers of the identity of the operating carrier or substituted aircraft; and (h) rights of the carrier to refuse carriage to passengers who fail to comply with applicable laws or who fail to present all necessary travel documents.
You can obtain additional information on items (a) through (h) above and about your contract of carriage (including how to request a copy thereof) at places where transportation on the carrier is sold. Many carriers also have this information on their websites. When required by applicable law, you have the right to inspect the full text of your contract of carriage at the carrier’s airport and sales offices, and upon request, to receive a copy by mail or other delivery service from each carrier free of charge. If a carrier sells air transportation services or checks baggage specifying carriage on another carrier, it does so only as agent for the other carrier.
5.3.5. Itinerary Changes/Cancelations. Itinerary changes or cancelations you request (i.e., voluntary refunds), if permitted under the airline fare rules applicable to your ticket, may be subject to airline-imposed fees in addition to any fare differential at re-ticketing. Such fees vary by airline. Your airline may permit a portion of the fare paid for an unused nonrefundable ticket to be applied toward the purchase of future travel. For many airlines, tickets not changed or canceled prior to departure have no remaining value.
5.3.6. Tax Refunds. In case of a no-show or cancellation of an air booking, you may be entitled to a refund of government taxes and fees included in the price of the ticket purchased. Where you are eligible for a refund, you can request such a refund from Hopper customer service, who will submit your request to the airline on your behalf.
5.3.7. EU Traveler Rights. If you are traveling into or out of the European Union, or on an EU-based airline, you may have rights in the event that your flight is cancelled, delayed or you are denied boarding. Please consult Regulation (EC) 261/2004 for more information.
5.3.8. Hazardous Materials. Federal law forbids the carriage of hazardous materials aboard aircraft in your luggage or on your person. A violation can result in five years' imprisonment and penalties of $250,000 or more (49 U.S.C. 5124). Hazardous materials include explosives, compressed gases, flammable liquids and solids, oxidizers, poisons, corrosives and radioactive materials. Examples: Paints, lighter fluid, fireworks, tear gases, oxygen bottles, and radio-pharmaceuticals. There are special exceptions for small quantities (up to 70 ounces total) of medicinal and toilet articles carried in your luggage, spare lithium batteries and certain smoking materials carried on your person. Certain items are required to be carried with you onboard the aircraft. Spare lithium batteries and cigarette lighters must be removed from checked or gate-checked baggage and carried onboard the aircraft.
5.3.9. Airline Prohibited Practices. The circumvention of an air carrier’s rules, including practices such as back-to-back ticketing (booking two or more tickets with overlapping travel dates in order to circumvent minimum stay requirements) and hidden-city, point beyond or throwaway ticketing (booking tickets that include segments you do not intend to use in order to circumvent an air carrier’s pricing structure), is prohibited by many air carriers. You agree that you will not use the Apps or Services to engage in these or similar activities if prohibited by an airline. CARRIERS RESERVE THE RIGHT TO REFUSE CARRIAGE TO ANY PERSON WHO HAS ACQUIRED A TICKET IN VIOLATION OF APPLICABLE LAW OR THE CARRIER’S TARIFFS, RULES OR REGULATIONS.
5.3.10. Required Information. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA), part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, requires Hopper to collect information from you for purposes of watch list screening, pursuant to 49 U.S.C. Sec. 114, and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. TSA may share information you provide with law enforcement or intelligence agencies or others under its published system of records notice. For more information, please see www.tsa.gov.
5.3.11. Data Transfer. GOVERNMENTS MAY REQUIRE YOUR AIRLINE TO PROVIDE INFORMATION ON OR PERMIT ACCESS TO PASSENGER DATA, INCLUDING INFORMATION WE MAY BE REQUIRED TO COLLECT FROM YOU DURING THE RESERVATION PROCESS.
5.3.12. U.S. Notice – Overbooking of Flights. Airline flights may be overbooked, and there is a slight chance that a seat will not be available on a flight for which a person has a confirmed reservation. If the flight is overbooked, no one will be denied a seat until airline personnel first ask for volunteers willing to give up their reservation in exchange for a payment of the airline’s choosing. If there are not enough volunteers the airline will deny boarding to other persons in accordance with its particular boarding priority. With few exceptions persons denied boarding involuntarily are entitled to compensation. The complete rules for the payment of compensation and each airline’s boarding priorities are available at all airport ticket counters and boarding locations. Some airlines do not apply these consumer protections to travel from some foreign countries although other consumer protections may be available. Check with the airline or your travel agent.
5.3.13. Baggage. Excess valuation may be declared on certain types of articles. Carriers may apply special rules for fragile, valuable, or perishable articles. Check with your carrier. Checked Baggage: Carriers may permit a free checked baggage allowance, which is set by the carrier and may differ by class, and/or route. Carriers may apply extra charges for checked baggage in excess of their permitted allowance. Check with your carrier. Cabin (Unchecked) Baggage: Carriers may permit a free cabin baggage allowance, which is set by the carrier and may differ by class, route, and/or aircraft type. It is recommended that cabin baggage be kept to a minimum. Check with your carrier. If more than one carrier is providing the transportation for your journey, each carrier may apply different rules on baggage (both checked and cabin). SPECIAL BAGGAGE LIABILITY LIMITATIONS FOR U.S. TRAVEL: For domestic travel wholly between U.S. points, federal rules require any limit on a carrier’s baggage liability to be at least US $3,800 per passenger, or the amount currently mandated by 14 CFR § 254.5.
5.3.14. Check-In Times. The time shown on the itinerary/receipt is the departure time of the aircraft. Flight departure time is not the same as the time you must check-in or the time you must be available for boarding. Your carrier may refuse you carriage if you are late. Check-in times, as advised by your carrier, are the latest times at which passengers can be accepted for travel; boarding times, as advised by your carrier, are the latest times at which passengers must present themselves for boarding. Flights cannot be held for late-arriving passengers, and Hopper accepts no responsibility in such cases.
5.3.15. Aircraft Disinsection. Some countries may require aircraft cabin insecticide treatment for in-bound foreign flights. A list of such countries is available at https://www.transportation.gov/airconsumer/spray.
5.3.16. Sequence of Travel. Airlines require passengers to travel as per the itinerary shown on their ticket, from the place of departure via any agreed connecting points to their final destination, and vice versa. If all the segments are not used in sequence, the ticket as a whole will lose its validity in most circumstances.
5.4. Hotel Bookings. Hotel bookings are only guaranteed once the purchase has been completed and a confirmation has been issued to you by Hopper by email and/or through in-app messaging following your purchase.
5.4.1. Prepaid Bookings. In some cases, Hopper, directly and/or in partnership with other entities, has pre-negotiated certain room rates with hotel suppliers to facilitate your booking of hotels. In connection with these Services, Hopper sometimes charges a fee, which is combined with and included in the rate that you see displayed in the Apps, and which may vary depending on the booking. This displayed rate may also include applicable taxes and third party service fees. When you make a prepaid hotel booking, you authorize Hopper to charge the full displayed amount and to facilitate the reservation(s) on your behalf, including making payment arrangements with hotel suppliers and third parties. Your payment to Hopper at time of booking shall satisfy your payment obligations to the hotel provider for such booking.
5.4.3. Incidental and Other Charges by Hotel. Some hotel suppliers may require you to present a credit card or cash deposit upon check-in to cover additional expenses incurred during your stay. Such deposit is unrelated to any payment received by Hopper for your hotel booking. You are responsible for payment of all additional expenses during your stay, including for example, resort fees, energy surcharges, newspaper delivery fees, in-room safe fees, tourism fees, or housekeeping fees, parking charges, minibar charges, phone calls, room service and movie rentals, etc.
5.4.4. Ratings. Hotel ratings displayed in the Apps are intended as only general guidelines, and Hopper does not guarantee or endorse any hotel, or the accuracy of any ratings.
5.4.5. Taxes. In connection with facilitating your hotel booking transaction, Hopper may charge your method of payment for taxes and fees. This charge includes an anticipated amount to recover the amount Hopper pays to the hotel in connection with your reservation for taxes owed by the hotel including, without limitation, sales and use tax, occupancy tax, room tax, excise tax, value added tax and/or other similar taxes. In certain locations, the tax amount may also include government imposed service fees or other fees not paid directly to the taxing authorities but required by law to be collected by the hotel. Hopper is not the vendor collecting and remitting taxes to the applicable taxing authorities. The amount paid to the hotel in connection with your reservation for taxes may vary from the amount Hopper anticipates and includes in the charge to you. The balance of the charge for Taxes and Fees is a fee Hopper retains as part of the compensation for the Services.
5.5. Vacation Rental Bookings. Vacation Rental bookings are only guaranteed once the purchase has been completed and a confirmation has been issued to you by Hopper by email and/or through in-app messaging following your purchase.
5.5.1. Prepaid Bookings. Hopper, directly and/or in partnership with other entities, has pre-negotiated certain rates with suppliers or property managers to book home reservations and/or vacation rentals (“Homes”). In connection with these Services, Hopper sometimes charges a fee, which is combined with and included in the rate that you see displayed in the Apps, and which may vary depending on the booking. This displayed rate may also include applicable taxes and third party service fees. When you make a Homes booking, you authorize Hopper to charge the full displayed amount, which may be charged to your payment instrument in a single transaction or multiple transactions as disclosed at the time of booking, and to facilitate the reservation(s) on your behalf, including by making payment arrangements with Home suppliers, property managers, and/or third parties acting as representatives of such parties. Your payment to Hopper at time of booking shall satisfy your payment obligations to the Home provider for such booking.
5.5.3. Incidental and Other Charges by Property Managers or Suppliers. Some property managers or Home suppliers may require you to pre-authorize a deposit to be charged to your credit card, or require a cash deposit upon check-in to cover additional expenses incurred during your stay. Such deposit is unrelated to any payment received by Hopper for your Home rental booking. You are responsible for payment of all additional expenses during your stay, including for example, housekeeping fees, resort fees, etc.
5.5.4. Ratings. Home ratings displayed in the Apps are intended as only general guidelines, and Hopper does not guarantee or endorse any Home, property manager, or the accuracy of any ratings.
5.5.5. Taxes. In connection with facilitating your Home booking transaction, Hopper may charge your method of payment for taxes and fees. This charge includes an anticipated amount to recover the amount Hopper pays to the property manager or supplier in connection with your reservation for taxes owed by the property manager including, without limitation, sales and use tax, occupancy tax, room tax, excise tax, value added tax and/or other similar taxes. In certain locations, the tax amount may also include government imposed service fees or other fees not paid directly to the taxing authorities but required by law to be collected by the hotel. Hopper is not the vendor collecting and remitting taxes to the applicable taxing authorities. The amount paid to the supplier or property manager in connection with your reservation for taxes may vary from the amount Hopper anticipates and includes in the charge to you. The balance of the charge for Taxes and Fees is a fee Hopper retains as part of the compensation for the Services.
5.5.7. Electronic Communications. In connection with your Hopper Home booking, we may share information and communicate on your behalf with third-party Homes providers, including property managers, in order to enable such service providers to fulfill a reservation. As a result, third-party service providers, including property managers, may contact you directly to facilitate your booking. You hereby consent to receive such electronic communications from third party service providers in connection with your Hopper Home reservation. Hopper is not responsible for the content of such third-party communications including, but not limited to, marketing or promotional materials sent directly to you from a third party service provider, including property managers. You further acknowledge that we may contact third party service providers on your behalf in order to satisfy your reservation and subsequently contact you via electronic communications to complete your booking.
5.6. Third-Party Sites. The Apps and Services may contain links to third-party websites that are not operated by Hopper. These links are provided for reference only. Hopper is not responsible for the contents or the privacy or other practices of such sites. You should review the terms applicable to any third-party site that you choose to access.
5.7. Trip Insurance. Travel insurance offered by Hopper via the Apps and Services in the United States is provided through a partnership with AON and Nationwide Insurance. When you purchase travel insurance in connection with one of our travel products for U.S. travel, you are subject to the terms & conditions of AON and Nationwide, as provided to you within the Apps and Services at the time of purchase, and in subsequent confirmation communications.
Hopper Entities; Sellers of Travel Registrations and Disclosures. Except as otherwise set forth below, all bookings are made by Hopper (USA), Inc., a wholly owned-subsidiary of Hopper, Inc. Hopper (USA), Inc. is a registered seller of travel in each of the U.S. states listed below:
California*, registration number: 2141604-70
Hawaii, registration number: TAR 7387
Iowa, registration number: 1615
Washington, registration number: 604516639
*Registration as a seller of travel in California does not constitute the state's approval of Hopper. Hopper is not a participant in the Travel Consumer Restitution Fund.
Additional Disclosures for Residents of California: Upon cancellation of the transportation or travel services, where the passenger is not at fault and has not cancelled in violation of any terms and conditions previously clearly and conspicuously disclosed and agreed to by the passenger, all sums paid to the seller of travel for services not provided will be promptly reimbursed to the passenger. This provision does not apply where the seller of travel has remitted the payment from customer to another registered wholesale seller of travel or a carrier, without obtaining a refund and such other provider fails to provide the agreed-upon transportation or service. In this situation, the initial seller of travel must provide the passenger with a written statement accompanied by bank records establishing the disbursement of the customer payment, and if disbursed to a registered wholesaler of travel, proof of current registration of that wholesaler.
Additional Disclosures for Residents of Washington State: If transportation or other services are canceled by the seller of travel, all sums paid to the seller of travel for services not performed in accordance with the contract between the seller of travel and the purchaser will be refunded within 30 days of receiving the funds from the vendor with whom the services were arranged, or if the funds were not sent to the vendor, the funds shall be returned within 14 days after cancellation by the seller of travel to the purchaser unless the purchaser requests the seller of travel to apply the money to another travel product and/or date.
For residents of Canada, bookings are made by Hopper (Canada), Inc., a wholly owned-subsidiary of Hopper, Inc., organized under the laws of Alberta, Canada.
For residents of Mexico, bookings are made by Hopper App Travel Mexico, S.A. de R.L., Av. Paseo de la Reforma #403, oficina 806, Cuauhtèmoc, Mexico.
For residents of Colombia, bookings are made by Hopper Colombia SAS, Cra 9 No. 116-06 Piso 17 - Complejo Tierra Firme, Bogotá, Colombia.
For residents of Chile, bookings are made by Hopper Chile, Marchant Pereira 150, Of. 1002, Providencia, Santiago, Chile.
Payments for bookings by residents of the United Kingdom may be made to Hopper UK Inc., Ltd., 58-60 Kensington Church St., Kensington, London W8 4DB, U.K.
Payments for bookings by residents of the European Union may be made to Hopper Travel (Irelland), Ltd., Mespil Business Centre, Mespil House, Sussex Road, Dublin 4, Ireland.
Any customer service inquiries directed to any Hopper entity regarding a booking made via the Hopper Apps may be communicated to Hopper’s customer service team using the in-App messaging service.
7.1. The App(s) and Services downloaded or accessed by you pursuant to these Terms, including without limitation all of the text, images, sound, marks, logos, compilations (meaning the collection, arrangement and assembly of information) and other content contained therein, and all software, source or object code, systems, data, and algorithms embodied in or supporting the Apps or Services, or otherwise used by Hopper to deliver the Apps or Services, and all intellectual property rights therein including without limitation patent, copyright, trademark rights (collectively, the “Hopper Property”), is the sole and exclusive property of Hopper and/or of third parties provided under license to, or used with permission by, Hopper, and is protected under United States, Canada, and international laws. Hopper reserves all rights in the Hopper Property, including without limitation copyright, trademark, patent, and trade secret rights, and no rights in such Hopper Property are granted except as expressly provided herein. You are hereby granted a limited, personal, non-exclusive, non-transferrable, non-sublicensable, and revocable right to access, download, and use the Hopper Apps and the Services solely for the purposes expressly authorized by these Terms, provided that you comply with these Terms.
7.2. Trademarks. The marks “HOPPER,” the bunny and running bunny images, “Carrot Cash” and “Price Freeze,” among other marks, are registered or unregistered trademarks of Hopper, protected under the laws of the United States, Canada, and other countries around the world, and may not be used in connection with any service or products other than those provided by or expressly authorized by Hopper, in any manner that is likely to cause confusion among customers, or in any manner that disparages or discredits Hopper. The Apps and Services may also incorporate protected trademarks of third parties, and the use of such trademarks does not constitute an affiliation, endorsement or sponsorship of Hopper by any third party.
7.3. Third-Party Property. The Hopper Apps and Services feature the trademarks, service marks, images, logos, and data of third parties, including those of Hopper’s third-party travel service partners (“Third-Party Property”). Each third-party owner retains all rights in such Third-Party Property. Any use of such Third-Party Property provided or displayed in any App, inures solely to the benefit of their respective owners. Hopper’s use of such Third-Party Property does not imply any affiliation or relationship between Hopper and the third party nor any endorsement of Hopper or the Apps or Services by such third party.
7.4. Use of Research Data.Your use of the research data found at media.hopper.com/research or that we make available by other means or at other physical or electronic locations, including without limitation any data, databases, reports, whitepapers, analysis, or compilations produced and/or distributed by Hopper ("Research Data") is governed additionally by the terms of this Section. Hopper grants to you a non-exclusive, limited, non-transferrable, non-sublicensable, and revocable right to use, reproduce, display, and redistribute Research Data subject to your compliance with the following terms. You must cite Hopper as the source of any Research Data in any publication which you produce that includes, quotes, or relies on Research Data in any way. If your publication is in electronic format, you must link to Hopper.com and any existing back-links. Apart from crediting Hopper as the Source of the Research Data, you must not use any Hopper trademarks or any confusingly similar variants. You must not claim or imply that any Hopper entity endorses your use of the Research Data or the conclusions or derivative works which you might create. You acknowledge that the Research Data is being provided on a "AS IS” basis. Hopper does not warrant that data and publications will be error-free or complete, and cannot assume responsibility for your use of or reliance upon the Research Data. You acknowledge our right to alter, delete, or withdraw Research Data at any time without prior notice. You acknowledge that we maintain all right, title, and interest, including ownership, to all Research Data.
7.5. Digital Millennium Copyright Act. Hopper respects the intellectual property of others. If you believe that your copyrighted work has been copied and is accessible in a Hopper App or through our Services in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please provide Hopper with notification containing the following information required by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. §512 (“DMCA”) to Hopper, Attention: Legal Department, 265 Franklin Street, Suite 1702, Boston, MA 02110:
* Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact the party alleging infringement, including an email address; * Identification of the copyrighted work claimed to have been infringed, or, if multiple copyrighted works allegedly have been infringed, then a representative list of such copyrighted works; * Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing and that is to be removed or access to which is to be disabled, and information reasonably sufficient to permit us to locate the allegedly infringing material, e.g., the specific web page address or App screenshot; * A statement that the party alleging infringement has a good-faith belief that use of the copyrighted work in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner or its agent, or is not otherwise permitted under the law; * A statement that the information in the notification is accurate, and under penalty of perjury, that the party alleging infringement is authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner of the work that allegedly has been infringed; and * A physical or electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner certifying the statements and information provided.
UNDER FEDERAL LAW, IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE MATERIAL IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY AND CIVIL PENALTIES, INCLUDING MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS’ FEES.
7.6 Feedback. You have no obligation to provide Hopper with ideas, suggestions, recommendations, enhancement requests, testimonials, endorsements, product reviews or information regarding your experience using Hopper's Apps or Services (“Feedback”). However, if you submit Feedback to or about Hopper, either directly or indirectly via a third-party review site or a survey initiated by Hopper, then you grant to Hopper a non-revocable, non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free license that is sub-licensable and transferable, to make, use, reproduce, publicly display, distribute, sell, modify or publicly perform the Feedback in any manner without any obligation, royalty or restriction based on intellectual property rights or otherwise.
8.1 Carrot Cash. By using the Hopper Apps and Services, you may receive or earn, or be offered the choice or chance to receive or earn, Hopper Carrot Cash value, discounts, rewards, and/or incentives (herein referred to as “Carrot Cash”) that can be applied by you to certain future bookings and/or purchases via the Apps and Services. Carrot Cash is not the same as cash, storied value, or account credit. Carrot Cash rewards are temporary incentives that may be used only toward certain qualifying purchases by you via the Apps and Services. The receipt and use of any Carrot Cash rewards shall be subject to the terms and conditions and rules and restrictions communicated to you at the time of the offer, grant, and/or receipt of Carrot Cash, and/or as displayed in your Hopper Wallet (as defined below) in connection with each of the Carrot Cash rewards granted to you (“Rules”).
8.2. Carrot Cash Restrictions. The Rules applicable to Carrot Cash may include: restrictions on the nature of the products, services, and fees to which Carrot Cash may be applied; restrictions on the ability to combine Carrot Cash rewards with other carrot Cash rewards or other promotions or discounts; restrictions on the eligibility of users to receive and apply a Carrot Cash reward. Hopper reserves the right to make changes to the applicable Rules for any Carrot Cash reward at any time. Carrot Cash may be applied only toward bookings of eligible flights and hotels.
8.3. Expiration. Carrot Cash rewards expire, and will no longer be available for use or redemption, at the time specified in the Rules for each Carrot Cash reward. Hopper may change the expiration period for any Carrot Cash reward, or may terminate and expire the award early, at any time, in its sole discretion. All Carrot Cash rewards expire upon twelve months of inactivity (without any booking or purchase in which Carrot Cash rewards are applied or earned).
8.4. No Cash Value. Carrot Cash is non-transferrable and has no actual cash value. You have no property interest in Carrot Cash. Carrot Cash may not be redeemed or exchanged for cash. If not used within the time frame specified within the applicable Rules, the Carrot Cash will expire. Hopper may choose to discontinue a published, offered, or granted Carrot Cash reward or incentive offer or program at any time. If your use of the Apps or Services is suspended or terminated by Hopper for any reason, all Carrot Cash rewards will expire immediately. Hopper is not obligated to compensate you for any value associated with expired or discontinued Carrot Cash rewards.
8.5 Redemption. At the time of purchase, you will have the option to redeem the highest-value Carrot Cash reward applicable to your purchase (“Qualified Reward”). You may only apply the Qualified Reward to any purchase. If you elect not to apply such Qualified Reward, no Carrot Cash reward will be applied to your purchase. If you do elect to apply the Carrot Cash Qualified Reward, and the amount of the purchase is less than the amount of the applied Carrot Cash Qualified Reward, the balance of the applied Carrot Cash Qualified Reward will be terminated and expire. If the applied Carrot Cash Qualified Reward amount is less than the total transaction amount, you authorize Hopper to charge your linked Payment Instrument in your Hopper User account for the remaining transaction amount.
8.6. No Warranties. Hopper disclaims all express or implied warranties, including warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, as to Carrot Cash rewards, to the extent permitted by law. These Carrot Cash terms are subject to change in Hopper’s sole discretion, in accordance with applicable law. Hopper reserves the right to adjust the balance of any Carrot Cash reward in the event of a clerical, billing, or accounting error. Transactions or corrections concerning Carrot Cash may be disputed by contacting Hopper Support within 60 days of the disputed transaction or correction.
8.7. Carrot Cash Unauthorized Use. Hopper is not responsible for any unauthorized use of Carrot Cash associated with your Hopper User Account. You are solely responsible for loss or unauthorized use of any device from which your Hopper App and User Account may be accessible. To help secure your Carrot Cash, do not share access to your Hopper account with others. If you suspect that someone has accessed your account and/or used your Carrot Cash without authorization, contact Hopper Support at firstname.lastname@example.org, immediately.
9.1. The Hopper Apps and Services, including without limitation Hopper’s price predictions and recommendations, are provided on a “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMISSIBLE BY APPLICABLE LAW, HOPPER DISCLAIMS, WITH RESPECT TO THE APPS, THE SERVICES, AND ALL CONTENT THEREIN, ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Hopper does not warrant that the Apps or Services will operate error-free or without downtime. Hopper may pause or interrupt the Apps or Services at any time, and users should expect periodic downtime for updates. Hopper does not warrant or make any representations regarding the use or the results of the Apps or Services in terms of their correctness, accuracy, reliability, timeliness, completeness, currentness, or otherwise, including, without limitation, the safety, quality, and/or timing of any travel service purchased from third-parties via the Services. Hopper shall not be liable for delay, damage, or failure in performance resulting from causes beyond Hopper’s reasonable control, including, without limitation, delays and other problems inherent in the use of the internet and electronic communications, force majeure, or the actions or omissions of third-parties. All content in the Apps and Services is provided for informational purposes only. Reliance on any information provided through the Apps or Services is solely at your own risk, including, without limitation, third-party travel services information, and Hopper predictions and recommendations. Hopper reserves the right to correct any pricing errors in the Apps or Services and/or pending reservations made under an incorrect price.
9.2. APPLICABLE LAW MAY NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO SOME OR ALL OF THESE ABOVE EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT FULLY APPLY TO YOU.
10. Limitations of Liability
10.1. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMISSIBLE BY APPLICABLE LAW, IN NO EVENT SHALL HOPPER BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING PERSONAL INJURY, LOSS OF DATA, REVENUE, PROFITS, REPUTATION, USE, OR OTHER ECONOMIC ADVANTAGE), EVEN IF HOPPER HAS BEEN PREVIOUSLY ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, ARISING OUT OF A WARRANTY, CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, TORT, OR OTHER ACTION THAT IN ANY MANNER ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF, INABILITY TO USE, OR PERFORMANCE OF THE APPS OR SERVICES. HOPPER ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY IN ANY MANNER ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH ANY INFORMATION, CONTENT, PRODUCTS, AIR TRAVEL, LODGING, OR OTHER TRAVEL SERVICE OR MATERIAL AVAILABLE ON OR THROUGH THE APPS OR SERVICES, OR VIA ANY THIRD PARTY WEBSITE PAGES OR ADDITIONAL WEBSITES LINKED TO THE APPS.THESE LIMITATIONS SHALL APPLY NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY LIMITED REMEDY. EXCEPT WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW IN NO EVENT SHALL HOPPER’S TOTAL LIABILITY TO YOU FOR ALL DAMAGES, LOSSES AND CAUSES OF ACTION, WHETHER IN WARRANTY, CONTRACT, OR TORT EXCEED (A) THE AMOUNT PAID BY YOU TO HOPPER OR A THIRD-PARTY TRAVEL SERVICE PROVIDER VIA THE SERVICES, IF ANY, OR (B) $1,000 (WHICHEVER IS GREATER). IN NO EVENT SHALL HOPPER BE LIABLE FOR ANY FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE TERMS, OR FAILURE TO PROVIDE THE APPS OR SERVICES, TO THE EXTENT THAT SUCH FAILURE ARISES FROM FACTORS OUTSIDE HOPPER’S REASONABLE CONTROL.
10.2. BECAUSE SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, IN SUCH JURISDICTIONS LIABILITY IS LIMITED TO THE GREATEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW.
10.3. YOU AGREE THAT THE WARRANTY DISCLAIMERS AND LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY IN THIS SECTION ARE MATERIAL, BARGAINED-FOR BASES OF THESE TERMS, AND THAT THEY HAVE BEEN TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT IN DETERMINING THE CONSIDERATION TO BE GIVEN BY EACH PARTY HEREUNDER AND IN THE DECISION BY EACH PARTY TO CONTRACT WITH THE OTHER. YOU AGREE THAT THE WARRANTY DISCLAIMERS AND LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY IN THESE TERMS OF SERVICE ARE FAIR AND REASONABLE. EXCEPT AS MAY BE OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR IN THIS SECTION, YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY IS TO DISCONTINUE USING THE HOPPER APPS AND SERVICES.
10.5. With respect to any unauthorized, fraudulent transaction conducted using your Hopper account, absent any violation of these Terms by you, your right to reimbursement for any direct losses (i.e., losses not refunded by your Payment Instrument issuing entity) as set forth herein shall be your sole and exclusive right and remedy for any loss or damages incurred by you arising out of, in connection with, or relating to any fraudulent or unauthorized use of your Hopper account, and Hopper may condition its payment of any fraud or unauthorized use reimbursement upon your releasing Hopper from any further claims with respect thereto.
10.6. An action or proceeding relating to any claim arising out of the Apps or Services must commence pursuant to Section 12.1 within the shorter of the applicable statute of limitations or one year after the cause of action has accrued, or it shall be waived.
If you use the Apps or Services for commercial purposes and/or to make travel bookings on behalf of any third person or party, you agree to indemnify and hold harmless Hopper and its officers, directors, employees, agents, and affiliated companies against any claims, suits, proceedings, disputes, demands, liabilities, damages, losses, costs and expenses, including reasonable legal and accounting fees, caused by, arising out of, or related to your use of the Apps or Services, breach of these Terms, or the use of any products or services purchased via the Apps or Services.
12. DISPUTE RESOLUTION; ARBITRATION; WAIVER OF RIGHTS
12.1. ARBITRATION AND CLASS ACTION WAIVER. You agree that all claims, disputes, or disagreements that may arise out of the interpretation of or performance under these Terms, any payments to Hopper, or otherwise related in any way to your use of the Apps or Services and/or the content therein, shall be submitted exclusively to binding arbitration, except that each party retains: (i) the right to bring an individual action in small claims court for disputes and actions within the scope of such court’s jurisdiction; and (ii) the right to seek injunctive or other equitable relief in a court of competent jurisdiction to prevent the actual or threatened infringement, misappropriation, or violation of a party's copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents, or other intellectual property rights. Arbitration means that an arbitrator and not a judge or jury will decide the claim. Rights to prehearing exchange of information and appeals may also be limited in arbitration. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT YOU AND HOPPER ARE EACH WAIVING THE RIGHT TO A TRIAL BY JURY. You further acknowledge and agree that you waive your right to participate as a plaintiff or class member in any purported class action or representative proceeding. Further, unless both you and Hopper otherwise agree in writing, the arbitrator may not consolidate more than one person's claims, and may not otherwise preside over any form of any class or representative proceeding. If this class action waiver is held unenforceable, then the entirety of this "Dispute Resolution" section will be deemed void. Except as provided in the preceding sentence, this "Dispute Resolution" section will survive any termination of these Terms.
12.2. Arbitration Rules. Any arbitration will be administered by the American Arbitration Association ("AAA"). Except as modified by this “Dispute Resolution” provision, the AAA will administer the arbitration in accordance with either (A) the Commercial Arbitration Rules then in effect, or (B) the Consumer Arbitration Rules then in effect if the matter involves a “consumer agreement” as defined by Consumer Arbitration Rule R-1 (together, the "Applicable AAA Rules"). (The Applicable AAA Rules are available at https://www.adr.org/Rules or by calling the AAA at 1-800-778-7879). The Federal Arbitration Act will govern the interpretation and enforcement of this entire “Dispute Resolution” provision.
12.3. Arbitration Process. A party who desires to initiate arbitration must provide the other party with a written Demand for Arbitration as specified in the Applicable AAA Rules. (The AAA provides applicable forms for Demands for Arbitration at https://www.adr.org/sites/default/files/Demand_for_Arbitration_0.pdf (Commercial Arbitration Rules) and https://www.adr.org/sites/default/files/Consumer_Demand_for_Arbitration_Form_1.pdf (Consumer Arbitration Rules), and a separate affidavit for waiver of fees for California residents only is available at https://www.adr.org/sites/default/files/AAA%20Affidavit%20for%20Waiver%20of%20Fees%20Notice%20California%20Consumers.pdf.) The arbitrator will be either a retired judge or an attorney licensed to practice law in the county in which you reside and will be selected in accordance with the Applicable AAA Rules. If the parties are unable to agree upon an arbitrator within fourteen (14) days of the AAA’s notice to the parties of its receipt of the Demand for Arbitration, then the AAA will appoint the arbitrator in accordance with the AAA Rules.
12.4. Arbitration Location and Procedure. Unless you and Hopper otherwise agree, the arbitration will be conducted in the county where you reside. If your claim does not exceed $10,000, then the arbitration will be conducted solely on the basis of documents you and Hopper submit to the arbitrator, unless you request a hearing or the arbitrator determines that a hearing is necessary. If your claim exceeds $10,000, your right to a hearing will be determined by the Applicable AAA Rules. Subject to the Applicable AAA Rules, the arbitrator will have the discretion to direct a reasonable exchange of information by the parties, consistent with the expedited nature of the arbitration.
12.5. Arbitrator's Decision. The arbitrator will render an award within the time frame specified in the Applicable AAA Rules. The arbitrator's decision will include the essential findings and conclusions upon which the arbitrator based the award. Judgment on the arbitration award may be entered in any court having jurisdiction thereof. The arbitrator's award of damages and/or other relief must be consistent with the terms of the "Limitations of Liability" section above as to the types and the amounts of damages or other relief for which a party may be held liable. The arbitrator may award declaratory or injunctive relief only in favor of the claimant and only to the extent necessary to provide the relief warranted by the claimant's individual claim. If the arbitrator determines that you are the prevailing party in the arbitration, and only if authorized under applicable law, the arbitrator may award reasonable attorneys' fees and expenses. Hopper will not seek, and hereby waives, all rights Hopper may have under applicable law to recover attorneys' fees and expenses if Hopper prevails in arbitration unless the arbitrator finds that either the substance of your claim or the relief sought in your Demand for Arbitration was frivolous or was brought for an improper purpose (as measured by the standards set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11(b)).
12.6. Fees. Your responsibility to pay any AAA filing, administrative and arbitrator fees will be solely as set forth in the Applicable AAA Rules. However, if your claim for damages does not exceed $25,000, Hopper will pay all such fees unless the arbitrator finds that either the substance of your claim or the relief sought in your Demand for Arbitration was frivolous or was brought for an improper purpose (as measured by the standards set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11(b)).
12.7. Changes. Hopper reserves the right to change this "Dispute Resolution" section, but any such changes will not apply to disputes arising before the effective date of such amendment. Notwithstanding the provisions of the modification-related provisions above, if Hopper changes this "Dispute Resolution" section after the date you first accepted the Terms(or accepted any subsequent changes to these Terms), you agree that your continued use of the Apps or Services after such change will be deemed acceptance of those changes. If you do not agree to such change, you may reject any such change by providing Hopper written notice of such rejection by mail or hand delivery to: Hopper, Attn: Legal Department, 265 Franklin Street, Suite 1702, Boston, MA 02110 or by email from the email address associated with your account to: email@example.com, within 30 days of the date such change became effective, as indicated herein. In order to be effective, the notice must include your full name and clearly indicate your intent to reject changes to this "Dispute Resolution" section. By rejecting changes, you are agreeing that you will arbitrate any dispute between you and Hopper in accordance with the provisions of this "Dispute Resolution" section as of the date you first accepted these Terms (or accepted any subsequent changes to these Terms, as applicable).
13. Additional Terms.
These Terms constitute the entire agreement of the parties as to its subject matter, and supersede all prior written and oral representations and discussions between the parties. The Terms shall be governed by the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts without reference to principles of conflicts of laws, except as otherwise provided above in Section 12. No delay or omission by Hopper in exercising any of its rights occurring upon any noncompliance or default by you with respect to these Terms will impair any such right or be construed to be a waiver thereof, and a waiver by Hopper of any of the covenants, conditions or agreements to be performed by you will not be construed to be a waiver of any succeeding breach thereof or of any other covenant, condition or agreement hereof contained. You may not assign any of your rights arising under these Terms without Hopper’s written consent. Except as provided in Section 12 above (Dispute Resolution), if any provision of these Terms is found by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid or unenforceable, then these Terms will remain in full force and effect and will be reformed to be valid and enforceable while reflecting the intent of the parties to the greatest extent permitted by law. The provisions of these Terms are entered into for the benefit of Hopper and you and there shall be no third-party beneficiaries to these Terms. In the event of a conflict between these Terms and any other Hopper agreement, terms, or policy provided to you, directly or indirectly, these Terms shall prevail.
You and Hopper have agreed that these Terms and all related documents be drawn up in the English language. Les parties aux présentes reconnaissent avoir convenu que la présente entente et les documents connexes soient rédigés en langue anglaise.
15. Updates and Changes.
Hopper may make changes or updates to these Terms at any time, at its discretion. Hopper will provide notice of such changes by publishing an amended version of these Terms within the Apps, and changes shall be effective upon publication. It is your responsibility to monitor the Apps regularly for changes to these Terms. You agree that if you do not agree to any such change, you shall immediately stop using the Apps and Services. Your failure to do so, or continued use of any App or Service, shall constitute agreement to these Terms as so amended, except as provided for under Section 12.7.
Effective Date of these Terms of Service: Version 1.4; December 3, 2021