Up to $300 of Your Airline Ticket Can be Due to Taxes - Hopper Research

Up to $300 of Your Airline Ticket Can be Due to Taxes

By Patrick Surry
Posted May 16, 2014


  • Airlines have an advertised base fare, but also collect additional surcharges, which can be counted as the hidden part of the ticket because it is not explicitly listed in the base fare price.
  • For the flights we looked at, Delta, American, and United collect over 20% of the total ticket price as surcharges.
  • The total ticket price also includes taxes paid to the US and other countries.  For domestic travel, taxes are about $7 of a ticket price, and for international travel from the US, taxes make up on average $130 of a ticket price.
  • Of the countries observed, Great Britain, Germany, and Mexico have the highest taxes - over $180 for flights to Great Britain.

Flight Taxes

With Airfare Transparency regulations being debated by Congress (1, 2), Hopper wanted to take a look at what taxes get added to a ticket price and who the money goes to.  We looked at a sample of flights from the US to 13 popular international destinations and analyzed the price breakdowns.  But before getting into the details, let's first go over what the different taxes and surcharges are and who they are paid to.

Table 1, shows the average taxes charged by and paid to the US government for any international and domestic flights.  These are in US dollars.  Both US and international carriers that have the US as a destination or origin pay this fee.  
Tax Cost ($) International vs. Domestic
International Arrival/Departure Tax $17.50 International
Transportation Tax $17.23 Domestic
Immigration Fee $7.00 International
September 11th Security Fee $5.60 Both
Customs Fee $5.50 International
APHIS Fee $5.00 International
Passenger Facility Charge $4.50 Both
Segment Fee $4.00 Domestic
Table 1: US taxes charged to domestic and international flights
  There are also taxes that are paid to different countries when they are the destination or an intermediate stop.  Though in case of intermediate stop, only a small part of the fee is paid.  Figure 1, shows a map of how high the added taxes in each country that we analyzed are.  Great Britain has the highest taxes, followed by Germany and Mexico.  Table 2 shows the list of the 10 most expensive taxes along with the country that they are charged by and paid to.  Some of the taxes do vary by which airport in a specific country is used, but the variation tends not to be large.  Great Britain not only is the most expensive overall, but also has the single highest fee.   Screen Shot 2014-05-16 at 8.40.45 AM

Figure 1: Taxes to popular destinations from the US

Tax Cost ($)
Air Passengers Duty (Great Britain) $116.40
Air Transport Tax (Germany) $58.00
Passenger Service Charge (Great Britain) $50.30
PSC, Dep. Tax and Contribution to Int. Poverty Eradication (South Korea) $27.30
Airport Departure Tax Int (Mexico) $27.06
Noise Tax (Germany) $26.90
Passenger Service Charge (Australia) $24.70
Tourism Tax (Mexico) $23.16
Airport Services Charge (Spain) $22.40
Passenger Service Charge Int (Germany) #20.60

Table 2: Ten most expensive International Taxes


Composition of a Flight Ticket Price

International routes have more taxes associated with them, and the components of a ticket prices can be broken down into taxes paid to the US,  taxes paid to the destination, other taxes paid to a country in which there is a layover if the flight is not direct, surcharges and airline taxes which are paid to the airline, and the base ticket prices which is also paid to the airline.  Figure 2, shows the breakdown by percent of the different parts of a ticket when flying from the US to the top 13 international destinations.  The majority of what you spend on a ticket price is paid to the airline, with non-airline taxes accounting, on average, for about 10% of the total price.

However, because different countries have different taxes, the percent breakdown is slightly different when looked at by destination country (Figure 3).


Figure 2: Composition of an international ticket price


Figure 3: Composition of an international ticket price by destination


 The breakdown of a ticket price also depends on the airline since different airlines allocated money between base price and surcharges/taxes differently.  Table 3 shows the breakdown between base price and surcharges for domestic airlines.  The total airline cost is the sum of base barice and surcharges/taxes paid to the airline and the % over vs. % hidden represent the base price fraction of the total airline cost and the surcharge/tax fraction of of the total airline cost respectively.   Table 4 shows the same information for the top 10 international airlines (from the sample analyzed)  with the highest hidden costs.

Airline Base Fare Percent Surcharge Percent Airline Total Fee Percent Overt Price Percent Hidden Price Percent
Delta Air Lines 69% 23% 81% 72% 28%
American Airlines 67% 25% 90% 73% 27%
United Airlines 74% 21% 94% 77% 23%
US Airways 85% 10% 87% 89% 11%
  Table 3: Advertised, hidden, and total airline surcharges by domestic airline
Airline Base Fare Percent Surcharge Percent Airline Total Fee Percent Overt Price Percent Hidden Price Percent
Brussels Airlines 43% 42% 85% 50% 50%
V Australia Airlines 50% 42% 92% 55% 45%
Air New Zealand 51% 43% 95% 55% 45%
Aeroflot Russian Airlines 51% 36% 88% 58% 42%
Qantas 56% 36% 91% 61% 39%
Virgin Atlantic Airways 55% 33% 88% 62% 38%
Air Canada 52% 31% 87% 64% 36%
Swiss International Air Lines 58% 31% 89% 65% 35%
Air Berlin 62% 28% 91% 69% 31%
Air France 67% 27% 93% 71% 29%
  Table 4: Advertised, hidden, and total airline surcharges by international airline




Data and Methodology

The data presented in this analysis comes from Hopper’s combined feed of Global Distribution Service (GDS) data sources which includes about 10 million queries and 1 billion trips per day.  Demand is represented as the number of queries not actual ticket purchases, and is calibrated across all GDS sources for each market.  Good deal prices are represented by the 10th percentile prices.  For example if the 10th percentile price is $800 dollars it means that only 10% of trips are priced at or below this price.